Critical Thinking & Problem Solving (PDF)

Critical thinking is a mode of reasoning, about any subject, content or problem in which the thinker improves the quality of his / her thinking by skilfully analysing, assessing and reconstructing it.  Critical thinking is self-directed self-monitored and self-corrective thinking.

Problem Solving: Committing to an action or judgement after evaluating the facts, data or possible learning from a situation, to develop alternative courses of action that are based on logical assumptions and factual information and that take into consideration resources, constraints, and familiarity with situations


Recognise fundamental elements of a situation to clarify a situation

Distinguish various types of reasoning (inductive, deductive, etc.) as appropriate to the situation

Can bring experience to recognise a need to solve technical problems & Identify needs and technological responses

Identify competence gaps

Know on how to make decisions with limited data and information

Determine relevant devices or mediums to identify technical problems and find solutions


Examine the facts and make assumptions, attentive to the subject matter or goal at all times (possibly a young person)

Evaluate, interpret and integrate information

Interpret information and draw conclusions based on the best analysis

Reflect critically on learning experiences and processes

Use questioning techniques to clarify points of view and lead to better solutions

Negotiate, compromise and find balance in order to derive decisions

Demonstrate own expertise to coach others, ability to reflect, evaluate and test in order to find a solution.

Organised, Attention to Detail

Appraise technical problems and resolve using appropriate solutions


Solve different kinds of non-familiar problems in both conventional and innovative ways

Maintain a curious, critical mindset

Unbiased and fair, acknowledges change and strives for a solution

Value sharing of information

Prepare to make best decision possible based on available info / data

Confident in own knowledge, so as to contribute

Take the stance of “the beginner mindset” in order to ask questions and understand issues at hand, in order to identify hidden needs that should be addressed

Follows through and competes tasks fully

Think in a reflective way with self improvement in mind for progression


Prepare tasks, solution focused.

Use technology as a tool for efficient and effective problem solving

Reason in a way that is Consistent, reflective, balanced and supportive

Willing to make a decision despite having limited data / information available

Willing to be wrong in order to learn

Can be conventional and unconventional as well as innovative in seeking ways to solve problems

Anticipate and present change positively

Upholds a resilient manner continuing to make efforts to achieve best outcomes

Makes solid attempts to be on track for the subject matter.

Creatively use digital technologies,